Links to other Evolutionary Ethics Websites
on the Evolution of Morality, Soshichi Uchii, Kyoto
Book Review. The Resurgence of Evolutionary Ethics. An excellent summary of the major issues in evolutionary ethics by Richard Weikart. Click Here
Here is one of the better evolutionary ethics web sites. Dr. Corning presents an insightful and knowledgeable summary of important ideas concerning evolutionary ethics from the time of ancient Greece to the present. The arguments are very precise, abstracted and presented with few words, however his approach is unique and notable. This analysis was written in the course of reviewing the essays of other evolutionary ethics writers. (Part I) Peter A. Corning, Ph.D. Institute for the Study of Complex Systems. biographical info
History of Cybernetics. The American Society for Cybernetics
Early theories of ethics and cybernetics: Cybernetics & Human Knowing, from A Journal of Second Order Cybernetics & Cyber-Semiotics
Morality seen as a biological adaptation. http://www.ethics.ubc.ca/eame/eameweb/HARMS/OBJMORL2.pdf
Biological Basis of Morality by
Professor Wilson hypotheses that scientifically breaking down the moral sentiments might lead to a more scientific knowledge of morality. To the contrary, in cybernetic ethics the linkage to science is not an analysis of the sentiments rather an analysis of a cybernetic process. The following quote from the Atlantic Monthly.
wonder, then, that ethics is the most publicly contested of all philosophical
enterprises. Or that political science, which at its foundation is
primarily the study of applied ethics, is so frequently problematic.
Neither is informed by anything that would be recognizable as authentic
theory in the natural sciences. Both ethics and political science lack
a foundation of verifiable knowledge of human nature sufficient to
produce cause-and-effect predictions and sound judgments based on them.
Surely closer attention must be paid to the deep springs of ethical
behavior. The greatest void in knowledge for such a venture is the
biology of moral sentiments. In time this subject can be understood,
I believe, by paying attention to the following topics:
* The genetics
of moral sentiments, most easily approached through measurements
of the heritability of the psychological and physiological processes
of ethical behavior, and eventually, with difficulty, through identification
of the prescribing genes.
Biology as a Moral Guide by Eric J. Winter, including E.O. Wilson's observations. click here
from the link) "It is indeed true that you cannot deduce moral
claims (about) origins). However, using factual claims about origins,
you can give moral claims the only foundational claim they
might possibly have." In cybernetic ethics, the science of cybernetics
form a foundation from which you can deduce moral claims about origins.
Certainly such an idea of moving from a factual "is" to
a moral "ought" or "ought not" goes against
conventional philosophy. But, conventional ethical reasoning has
not yet come to understand the power of cybernetics to explain complex
systems. Review click
Ruse's recent book touching on evolution and morality click
Maienschein, Jane & Ruse, Michael (eds).
appears to be an impassable barrier between science and ethics. Herbert
Dingle (1946) has stated that this barrier exists because science
is based on absolute certainty, while ethics has no general basis
at all. Science is also capable of advancement, where ethics
is not because science can repair its mistakes through reason and
experience. Ethics only collapses when its foundations are uprooted. Because
of this inefficiency regarding the understanding of ethics it is
necessary that we observe and study moral behavior from a scientific
perspective. The understanding of ethics goes both ways though,
in that morality needs to be looked at biologically and biologists
need to explain their ethical views more philosophically. (link
temporarily not working)
Evolution and Ethics
Evolution and Ethics by Edward Stein
Intervening in Evolution: Ethics and Actions by Paul R. Ehrlich
Evolutionary Ethics and Biologically Supportable Morality by Michael Byron
outline of the arguments from the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Evolution and Ethics by Beth K. Lamont
The Evolution of Morality From the Internet publication The Colossus. "Wilson's basic argument is that moral values confer an evolutionary benefit on the humans that subscribe to them; thus, certain ethical values propagate in the cultural sphere if they allow their adherents to propagate in the biological sphere ...Moral values are thus always rooted in biological imperative—often in a non-zero-sum game that benefits all individuals in a group in exchange for restrictions on individual behavior."
Darwin on the Evolution of Morality, Soshichi Uchii, Kyoto University This and several of the following links found on Vivisimo.com a good academic search engine.
How Morals Evolve by Gregory Koukl. Monkey Morality: Can Evolution Explain Morality?
Morals and Markets: An Evolutionary Account of the Modern World By Danial Friedman
Can Evolution Explain Morality? John Kilcullen. "It seems pretty clear that an evolutionary explanation will not provide a foundation for morality."
Evolutionary Dynamics http://www.ecomall.com/activism/gopi.htm
http://www.newton.dep.anl.gov/askasci/bio99/bio99030.htm The Evolution of Morals by David DeGusta by David DeGusta
Dr. Chris McDonald's Moral Theory Publications
The Philosophy of Biology: A selection of Readings by Tim Lewens
Evolutionary Ethics: Biology as a Moral Guide By Eric J. Winter
Evolutionary Ethics and Contemporary Biology http://books.google.com/books?id=m17qAWUSOXwC&pg=PA147&lpg=PA147&dq=evolutionary+ethics+and+biological+adaptation&source=web&ots=cT2aexf2W7&sig=QCu3eeu3EtZPUmRWwVNuab_tUGE
Parting with illusions in evolutionary ethics http://www.springerlink.com/content/q7t15j1706614282/
Evolutionary Plilosophy links http://www.evolutionary-philosophy.net/library.html
The Biology of Moral Systems http://www.amazon.com/gp/phrase/ref=cap_bod_20/102-3392082-5884953?ie=UTF8&src=090784507X&checkSum=3qpLpLq%2B64pwOLoFmcUhx0uQyeKVyhwX6uzcBlkP1pRevIuAlNd%2BaQ%3D%3D&phrase=The%20Biology%20of%20Moral%20Systems
Adaptation and Moral Realism byWiliam Harms http://www.ethics.ubc.ca/eame/eameweb/HARMS/OBJMORL2.pdf
The Naturalistic Fallacy
On the Naturalistic Fallacy: A Conceptual Basis for Evolutionary Ethics John Teehan, Christopher diCarlo
Richard Weikart book review on the Temptations of Evolutionary Ethics. An excellent review of the issues. http://www.leaderu.com/orgs/arn/odesign/od181/weikart181.htm
On the Naturalistic Fallacy: A Conceptual Basis for Evolutionary Ethics by John Teehan, Hofstra University The authors contend that rather than being a constraint on evolutionary approaches to ethics, the Naturalistic Fallacy, so understood, clears the way, conceptually, for just such an approach.
The Is-Ought Dichotomy
Naturalism & Non-naturalism
Links to the definition and history of Cybernetics
The History of Cybernetics.
The American Society for Cybernetics.
Second-order definition of cybernetics including the mathematics of cybernetic systems. http://pespmc1.vub.ac.be/Papers/Cybernetics-EPST.pdf
Definition from Principa Cybernetica
cybernetics definition. Modern "second-order cybernetics" places
emphasis on how the process of constructing models of the systems
is influenced by those very systems, hence an elegant definition
Norbert Wiener's Foundation of Computer Ethics by Terrell Ward Bynum
and Human Knowing A Journal
of Second Order Cybernetics & Cyber-Semiotics
Cybernetics — What? http://www.pangaro.com/designsummit/
Adaptation and Moral Realism byWiliam Harms http://www.ethics.ubc.ca/eame/eameweb/HARMS/OBJMORL2.pdf
Critical Mass: How One Thing Leads to Another by Philip Ball. An inspiring history of ideas searching for the mathematics of social order.
Formal and Informal Fallacies
Ethics and Mathematics
A Review of Ethics and Ethical Terminology
Introduction to Evolutionary Biology By Chris Colby
The Biology of Moral Systems the book
Ethics Web Sites
Issues in evolution
Christianity and Evolutionary Ethics: Sketch Toward a Reconciliation by Patricia A. Williams
Evolution, Behavior & Genetics
Behavior and the General Evolutionary Process by William M Baum Includes a discussion of informational feedback in genetic and biological systems.
Biology Lurks Beneath: Bioliterary Explorations of the Individual versus Society By David P. Barash, Department of Psychology, University of Washington.
Visceral Morality (text link)
Objective Morality by Robin Allot "...one can see why emotions were at the origin of the development of morality..."
Here Visceral Morality conflicts with Ethical Formalism
Philosophy and Ethics Web Sites
Assorted Index for Uchii's Online Articles Evolutionary Theories
Two takes on ‘evolutionary ethics’ Towards a Biospheric Ethic
Book on Moral Science Ronald D. Icenogle, Ph.D.
Science in Ethics
What is Moral Psychology Stephan Horst
Moral Psychology A list of resources on moral psychology
Books on Evolution
Evolutionary Ethics was contraversial in the 1940's as illustrated in the book From Darwin to Hitler: Evolutionary Ethics, Eugenics, and Racism in Germany By Richard Weikart Review by Johannes L. Jacobse Another review at http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.cgi?path=37981105462766
Evolutionary Origins of Morality
of Ethics: An Introduction to Cybernetic Ethics
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Within this context, rule systems such as legal codes, traditions, customs and systems of etiquette evolve to facilitate adaptation.
business ethics notes